2023 / 2024
Sometimes infixation is just a lang-diddly-anguage game
from another &%@*! plane-ma-net
Infixes have the following properties:
(1) They expone morphemes.
(2) They are prefixes or suffixes that have phonological pivots.
(3) They are only computed phonologically after they have undergone infixation. (Kalin 2022)
Given the above, we will argue in this talk that neither fucking-infixation, diddly-infixation, nor Homeric-infixation are instances of grammatical infixation. However, while fucking-infixation is governed by grammatical behaviour (it is pied-piped by a focus morpheme (Newell & Ulfsbjorninn
2023a,b), the other two purported infixes mentioned above cannot be part of natural grammar and therefore must fall into the category of extra-linguistic language games.
Kalin, L., 2022. Infixes really are (underlyingly) prefixes/suffixes: Evidence from allomorphy on the fine timing of infixation. Language, 98(4), pp.641-682.
Newell, Heather & Shanti Ulfsbjorninn. 2023a. Pied-fucking-Piping: English Expletives aren’t Infixes, but Stress is. Rencontre annuelle de la Canadian Linguistics Association / Association canadienne de linguistique (CLA/ACL). York University. Canada.
Newell, Heather & Shanti Ulfsbjorninn. 2023b. A Specific Fucking Pattern: The precise nature of stress-pivot infixation. North American Phonology Conference (NAPhCxii). Concordia University. Canada.
COLLOQUIUM SERIES: DR KYUMIN KIM
3:30PM • JAN 19 2024 • CHE 212
Number, demonstrative, and anaphoric definite
I examine the demonstrative (Dem) ku ‘that’ in Korean by situation it in a cross-linguistic context. I show that Dem ku is obligatory to indicate anaphoric definite and does not indicate unique definite, similar to a strong article in German (Schwarz 2009, 2013) or a demonstrative in Mandarin (Jenks 2018). Building on this, I propose that the syntactic role of Dem ku is to take a DP referentially visible similar to an article in Italian (Longobardi 1994, 2001) or other materials in Scandinavian languages (Julien 2005). Referential visibility is satisfied by a phonologically overt material in D or the specifier of DP in these languages (Longobardi 1994, Julien 2005). I propose that Dem ku plays this role by occupying the specifier of DP. The proposed account is extended to capture a special interaction between number and anaphoric definite; for example, in Korean, plural is obligatory in the context of anaphoric definite in contrast to plural that is optional in indefinite contexts. It is shown that the special interaction is cross-linguistically well observed such as in Laki, Persian, Swedish, or Japanese and so on. A possibility of this type of interaction in Blackfoot is also discussed.
NOV 25 2023 • UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE
Alberta Conference on Linguistics
Presentations from Calgary Linguistics people:
Francisco Ongay González – An approach to durative adverbials in Stoney Nakoda
Mahyar Nakhaei – The effect of the methodology in documenting an instance of a language change
Ya’ara Gurel – Gender-inclusive speech in a language with a binary gender system: In-novations in Hebrew
Cheryl Iwanchuk – Children’s ability to infer meaning in sentences
Mathieu Paillé and Nina Haslinger – Against syntactic constraints on contrastive reduplication
Charys B. Russel – Variability and vocabulary: Comparing high- and low-variability training with real-word and non-word training items
Syed Sazzadul Alam – Laryngeal feature contrast transfer in L2 perception and production
Anika Rogalski, Dimitrios Skordos, and Angeliki Athanasopoulou – Prosody and context in the comprehension of contrastive focus
Celeste Olson and Angeliki Athanasopoulou – The perception of prosody in English compound words
Brett C. Nelson – Redeploying phonological dimensions in the third language acquisition of Kaqchikel stop consonants
Rowan Sali – Every adult uses weak distributivity or they don’t: A simpler approach to the question of strong vs weak distributivity in adults
Jesse Weir – A voice comparison of Bill Hader and his Saturday Night Live character Stefon
COLLOQUIUM SERIES: DR EMILY ELFNER
3:30PM • NOV 10 2023 • CHE 212
Prosody and Prosodic Phrasing in Kwak’wala
Kwak’wala is a critically endangered Wakashan language spoken in British Columbia. Owing in part to extensive documentation in the early 20th century by Franz Boas and George Hunt, the language has received significant attention in the linguistic literature. In the realm of phonology, Kwak’wala shows several unusual prosodic features including a typologically rare default-to-opposite stress system at the word level (Boas 1947; Grubb 1969; Shaw 2009), and extensive mismatches between syntactic and prosodic domains at the sentential level (Anderson 2005). Relatively underdescribed, however, are the intonational and tonal properties of words and sentences, and how these correlate with patterns of prosodic prominence and phrasing. In this talk, I provide an overview of word- and phrase-level prosody in Kwak’wala, and propose that prosodic processes in this language conspire to demarcate prosodic word-level domains. I also discuss the implications of this analysis for language documentation and revitalization.
COLLOQUIUM SERIES: DR MARIANNE HUIJSMANS
3:30PM • OCT 20 2023 • CHE 212
ʔayʔaǰuθəm (Comox-Sliammon) demonstratives and determiners and the role of co-speech gesture
In this talk based on joint work with Daniel Reisinger (UBC) and Lisa Matthewson (UBC), I introduce the demonstrative and determiner paradigms in ʔayʔaǰuθəm (a.k.a. Comox-Sliammon), a Central Salish language, and discuss how they interact with co-speech gesture. I show that ʔayʔaǰuθəm determiners and demonstratives encode evidentiality, while demonstratives also encode deictic distance. I then discuss the role of co-speech pointing and iconic gestures accompanying these D-elements, presenting a mini-experiment based on Ebert et al. (2020). In this mini-experiment, we investigate the type of content contributed by co-speech gesture as well as differences in the interpretation of co-speech gesture accompanying different types of D-elements. Like Ebert et al., we find that co-speech gesture typically contributes not-at-issue, appositive-like meaning, but may contribute at-issue content when accompanying demonstratives. We also find that co-speech gesture is interpreted differently accompanying definite-like and indefinite-like DPs.
2022 / 2023
MAY 31 – JUNE 2
Several UCalgary graduate students are participating! Learn more about their research below:
Summer Abdalla – Acquisition of Levantine Arabic Word Stress
Francisco Ongay González – A Raising Account of Llevar + Time in Spanish [view poster]
Mahyar Nakhaei – A new look at -esh: Eye-tracking a novel Persian agreement marker
Peng Qiu – The syntactic properties of group classifiers and individual classifiers in Mandarin [view slides]
Shayne Shapkin – Swiss German Confirmationals and Head Valuation [view slides]
Kang Xu – A new syntactic analysis of Mandarin sentence-final particles [view poster]
FORUM: School of Languages, Linguistics, Literatures, and Cultures Graduate Forum 2023
9:00 AM • APR 14 2023 • CHE 212
The graduate forum of the School of Languages, Linguistics, Literatures, and Cultures (SLLLC) is a discussion space for graduate students to share their research with colleagues and faculty members.
Presenters will speak on topics based in literary and cultural studies, theoretical and experimental linguistics, and applied linguistics.
COLLOQUIUM SERIES: DR JILL THORSON
3:30PM • MAR 17 2023 • CHE 212
How does the melody of speech affect early attention and word learning abilities? How do children then produce melodic distinctions in their own speech? My research examines the complex intersection of prosody and language development in both perception and production. For perception, I use eye tracking to investigate how toddlers utilize the acoustic correlates of prosody during referent resolution. For production, I use an autosegmental metrical approach to create an inventory of the intonational contours found in the natural speech of young children as well as examine how children phonetically implement prosodic information. By understanding how these processes occur in typical development, I am able to analyze and assess prosodic development in children who experience the world in unique ways, such as autistic children and children with motor speech disorders.
COLLOQUIUM SERIES: DR KEREN RICE
3:30PM • FEB 17 2023 • CHE 212
Dr. Keren Rice will present her phonological work of “Let the language tell its story – Is markedness universal or emergent?”.
SLLLC High Profile Event: DR KEREN RICE
7:00PM • FEB 16 2023 • EEEL 161
Ethical considerations in doing research in Indigenous language communities: What do linguists have to learn from Indigenous communities?
Professor Rice is a linguist whose research has focussed on both questions of linguistic theory and on documentation, maintenance and revitalization of Indigenous languages of North America, with particular focus on languages of the Athapaskan family. She has also written about the paradigm shift to community-based linguistic research and the evolving nature of ethical responsibilities for linguists in Canada. Professor Rice recently retired from her role as University Professor, Director of the Centre for Aboriginal Initiatives at the University of Toronto, and instructor for the Linguistic Society of America’s Institute for Collaborative Language Research (CoLang), which emphasizes community-based approaches to language revitalization and collaboration at all stages of this work.
COLLOQUIUM SERIES: DR MYRTO GRIGOROGLOU
3:30PM • FEB 10 2023 • CHE 212
Research on the language of space has uncovered a complex set of conceptual and linguistic factors affecting how speakers use and learn spatial vocabularies across languages. In this talk, I will argue that communicative/pragmatic factors, even though much less discussed, also influence spatial language acquisition and use. A first set of studies examines the asymmetric pattern of acquisition of the locatives front and back. Although, this and other asymmetric patterns of lexical emergence are thought to reflect children’s immature underlying conceptual/semantic structure, experiments with child and adult speakers of different languages demonstrate that they are due to pragmatic inferences typically associated with the use of these locatives. A second set of studies, focuses on a previously unnoticed asymmetry in the use of containment (in/out) and support (on/off) prepositions. Experiments with child and adult speakers of English as well as speakers of a wider cross-linguistic sample, demonstrate that the distribution of these prepositions is heavily affected by pragmatic factors. Together, this data provide evidence that pragmatic pressures can produce strikingly stable and potentially universal patterns of spatial language acquisition and use.
COLLOQUIUM SERIES: DR MATHIEU PAILLÉ
3:30PM • JAN 27 2023 • CHE 212
Predicates in natural language can be classed according to whether they are ‘integrative,’ i.e. hold of individuals qua individuals (e.g., This is a comedy), or ‘summative,’ i.e. hold of individuals qua sums of parts (e.g., This is blue; ‘blue’ quantifies universally over its argument’s parts).
The present talk improves on the theory in Paillé 2020 for summative predicates, in a way that ends up making apparently challenging predictions for integrative predicates (if the two classes are to remain unified). Summative predicates are known to display truth-value gaps (Löbner 2000, Spector 2013, Križ 2015): The square is blue is neither true nor false if the square is partly but not fully blue. I suggest a way to modify the theory in Paillé 2020 to generate such gaps, by modelling strengthening through the trivalent Pexh operator of Bassi et al. (2021). This move raises a non-trivial puzzle: integrative predicates have not been suggested to involve such truth-value gaps, but these are now predicted. I show that in fact, the generation of truth-value gaps with integrative predicates is empirically desirable. I discuss various data involving situations where two integrative predicates hold of an individual, but only one of the predicates is asserted; I suggest such sentences are neither true nor false. Thus, the unified semantics for summative and integrative predicates from Paillé 2020, modified to generate truth-value gaps, can and should be maintained.
COLLOQUIUM SERIES: DR BARBARA CITKO
3:00PM • DEC 2 2022 • CHE 212
In this talk, Dr. Citko examines agreement in Polish postverbal relative clauses with coordinated heads. Building on the rich literature on agreement and multi-valuation in coordinate structures (Marušič, Nevins and Badecker 2015, Grosz 2015, Citko 2018, Shen 2019, among many others), she will focus on the following questions: (i) what do such relative clauses tell us about the structure of coordination and the nature of agreement (i.e., the choice between so-called First Conjunct vs. Last Conjunct vs. Resolved Agreement), (ii)) what structural factors determine the choice between Resolved Agreement and Single Conjunct Agreement, and (iii) how is the result of an Agree between a single Probe and Multiple Goals realized morphologically?
COLLOQUIUM SERIES: DR CHRISTOPHER HAMMERLY
3:00PM • NOV 18 2022 • CHE 428
One central fact about language comprehension is we make incremental commitments: we do not wait until the end of a clause or sentence to parse and interpret what is being communicated, but rather actively predict how things will turn out as information unfolds. As a result, a central question for psycholinguists has been what information we use to make predictions, and what the nature of these predictions might be. In this talk, I present two visual world eye tracking studies, one with speakers of Ojibwe (Algonquian) and one with speakers of English (Germanic), that shed light on how person/animacy information is used to predictively parse and interpret argument structure relationships. I then outline a model of incremental processing commitments based on a universal set of constraints. These constraints are derived from “prominence hierarchies” related to person/animacy, thematic role, and syntactic position, providing a single set of principles that can explain processing phenomena related to person/animacy information in a wide range of typologically distinct languages.